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1 edition of Current status of bovine tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean found in the catalog.

Current status of bovine tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean

Current status of bovine tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean

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  • 13 Currently reading

Published by Veterinary Public Health Program, Pan American Health Organization, Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health Organization in Martínez, [Buenos Aires?] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cattle -- Diseases -- Caribbean Area.,
  • Cattle -- Diseases -- Latin America.,
  • Tuberculosis in cattle -- Caribbean Area.,
  • Tuberculosis in cattle -- Latin America.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    Statementeditors, Isabel N. de Kantor, Eduardo Alvarez ; Pan American Zoonoses Center.
    SeriesSpecial publication -- no. 10, Publicación especial (Pan American Zoonoses Center) -- no. 10
    ContributionsKantor, Isabel N. de., Pan American Health Organization., Pan American Sanitary Bureau., Pan American Zoonoses Center.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSF967.T8 C87 1991
    The Physical Object
    Pagination48 p. :
    Number of Pages48
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15465952M

    The bovine tuberculosis (TB) status in each country is one of the most important sanitary issues on which the two countries regulate this international movement. Therefore, it is in the mutual interest of our two countries that we collaborate on our approaches to controlling this disease and. bovine tuberculosis in cattle and bison. AF status may be maintained if bovine tuberculosis is detected in an AF State or zone, the index herd is depopulated, epidemiological investigations are completed in a timely manner, and there is no evidence of further spread of File Size: KB.

    Tuberculosis (TB) has been present in Latin America since pre-historical times. Paleopathological studies have found signs of TB in mummies from many parts of the world. In fact, whenever human mummies have been found, signs of TB have been observed in bones, lungs or skin [ 1 ].Cited by: 1. They are by far the most frequent cause of outbreaks of rabies in livestock in Latin America and some Caribbean countries. In , Málaga reported that there were annual losses of one million head of cattle in Latin America as a result of paralytic rabies and, in , Acha estimated the doss to be million (Málaga, ; Acha, ).

    Bovine Tuberculosis sampling To date, bTB has not been detected in any of the hunter-harvested deer sampled within the Franklin County surveillance zone. These results suggest that the prevalence of bTB in wild deer within the Franklin County surveillance zone has remained at levels that are difficult to detect and is likely very low to. ovine Tuberculosis alifornia Update alifornia is lassified as “Accredited Free” forT alifornia first gained “T -Free” status in only to lose it in after bovine T was confirmed inthree dairy herds in the entral Valley. After depopulating the affected .


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Current status of bovine tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean Download PDF EPUB FB2

~.~, = ~.i. 4 ELSEVIER Veterinary Microbiology 40 () Bovine tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean: current status, control and eradication programs I.N.

de Kantora'*, V. Ritaccob aPan American Institute for Food Protection and Zoonoses, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), C.C. Correo Central, () Buenos Aires, Argentina Cited by: Current Status of Bovine Tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Pan American Zoonoses Center, Buenos Aires, Plan of Action for the Eradication of Bovine Tuberculosis in the Americas. Out of the approximately million head which constitute the bovine population in Latin America and the Caribbean, 80 million are found in countries where rates of Mycobacterium bovis infection.

Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis, has been identified in nine geographically distinct wildlife populations in North America and Hawaii and is endemic in at least three populations, including members of the Bovidae, Cervidae, and Suidae emergence of M. bovis in North American wildlife poses a serious and growing Cited by: 1.

Introduction. A number of goals have been accomplished, and some constraints addressed, in the control and eradication of bovine tuberculosis in the Region since we last addressed this subject (Kantor and Ritacco, ).Current data indicate that there is considerable variation in the prevalence of tuberculosis and also in surveillance coverage throughout Latin America and the Cited by: Bovine tuberculosis – Latin America ‐ Mycobacterium bovis – Tuberculin test – Veterinary inspection.

Introduction Tuberculosis infection in bovines exists in most of the countries in the Latin American Region (LAC), with variable relevance and especially concentrated in dairy cattle. “Bovine Tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean: Current Status, Control and Eradication Programs,” Veterinary Microbiology 40 () Publisher – Google Scholar.

De Kantor, I. & Ritacco, V. “An Update on Bovine Tuberculosis Programs in Latin America and Caribbean Countries,” Veterinary Microbiology ( Latin America, and the Caribbean," International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases. De Kantor, I. & Ritacco, V. "Bovine Tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean: Current Status, Control and Eradication Programs," Veterinary Microbiology 40 Author: Keshaw Tiwari, Alfred Chikweto, Derek Thomas, Harry Hariharan, Raymond Sis, Ravindra Sharma, West In.

Bovine Tuberculosis in Latin America and the Caribbean ; The Status of Mycobacterium bovis in India ; Bovine Tuberculosis in Russia and the Former States of the Soviet Union ; Mycobacterium bovis in Africa ; Current Challenges and Impacts to the U.S.

National Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Program ; Impact of Bovine Tuberculosis in Wildlife on. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) is a slow-growing ( to hour generation time) aerobic bacterium and the causative agent of tuberculosis in cattle (known as bovine TB).It is related to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium which causes tuberculosis in humans.

bovis can jump the species barrier and cause tuberculosis-like infection in humans and other m: Bacteria. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xx, pages: illustrations, maps ; 26 cm: Contents: Introduction --Public health significance of M. bovis --Human tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis in Latin American and the Caribbean --Pathogenesis of Mycobacterium bovis --Epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis --Diagnostic tests for bovine.

Similarly, TB incidence in prisons in Latin America and the Caribbean are an estimated 22 times higher (1, per ,) than those of the general population (7). The highest rates in prison populations are found in Africa, where published studies reveal rates of 3, to 5, cases perprisoners.

In the slums of Latin America, million people live in region’s megacities, including Mexico City, Sao Paulo, Bogota, Rio de Janeiro, and Lima, generate over-crowded living conditions without access to clean water or electricity, poor nutritional status, and often lack of basic health services.

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis.

About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those Causes: Mycobacterium tuberculosis. tuberculosis (TB), contagious, wasting disease caused by any of several mycobacteria.

The most common form of the disease is tuberculosis of the lungs (pulmonary consumption, or phthisis), but the intestines, bones and joints, the skin, and the genitourinary, lymphatic, and nervous systems may also be affected. Eradication of bovine TB has been an important issue since the beginning of the European Economic Community (EEC), and current EU policies on the eradication of the disease are best understood after considering the progressive development of relevant Community legislation [1].The most relevant legislation regarding eradication of bovine TB is summarized in Annex 1.

EN 4 EN TB status of EU Member States Commission Decision //EC of 23 June establishing the official tuberculosis, brucellosis and enzootic-bovine-leukosis-free status of certain Member States and regions ofFile Size: KB. Human tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis appears to be rare in most of the region of the Americas, although some localities have reported an unusually high prevalence of M.

bovis among human TB cases (e.g., San Diego, CA, USA; parts of Mexico). As surveillance data are lacking in many countries, there is substantial uncertainty regarding actual by: Introduction. Globally, tuberculosis is responsible for more than two million deaths each year [].It remains endemic throughout Latin America (Table 1) despite renewed efforts in many national control programmes [2,3••] and recent advances in disease detection [] and drug sensitivity testing [10,11••,12] in the resource-poor the last 20 years, tuberculosis notification Cited by: Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) remains an important economic and zoonotic problem in Latin America.

Traditionally, the fight against BTB is initiated by the implementation of routine diagnostic tests for certification of free properties. The diagnosis of BTB can be made by direct and indirect methods, in which we can mention clinical, post mortem.

Current Challenges to and Impacts on the U.S. National Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Program: Mycobacterium Bovis Outbreaks in Alternative Species and Surveillance Performance (Pages: ) M.J.

Gilsdorf DVM, MS; L. Judge DVM, PhD; E.D. Ebel DVM, MS.Bergonzoli G, Castellanos LG, Rodríguez R, Garcia LM. Determinants of tuberculosis in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Panam Salud Publica. ;39(2)–5. There is more tuberculosis (TB) in the world today than at any other time in his - tory (1, 2).

TB remains a major, global, public health problem in Latin America and Cited by: 3.The short-term goal is to achieve bovine tuberculosis split-state status and the medium term goal is to return the State to accredited free status.

Current actions to these goals include farm and slaughterhouse surveillance in the infected, surveillance, and free areas, tuberculosis testing requirements and restrictions on livestock movement.